In Verdins, the Court unanimously held that mental impairment could be relevant to sentencing in at least six ways.
Whether an administrative decision was ‘biased’ because a person who participated in the making process had been the informant in a related prosecution.
“The plaintiff contends the words used convey a defamatory meaning because the natural and ordinary meaning of the words ‘Dennis Denuto’ is a lawyer who was:
(a) Unprofessional in the exercise of his said profession;
Many people are often armed with the opinions and advice of friends and relatives, a common misconception is a child between the ages of 12-16 should have the choice and be able to make this decision.
The Commission held it was “abundantly clear” kissing the female colleague was sexual harassment but it lacked the required connection with employment (because it occurred after the function had finished) to establish vicarious liability and reputational damage.
“The pre-trial application arose in the context of a prosecution for female genital mutilation (FGM) contrary to s. 45(1), the first of its kind to go to trial in Australia.
It is against the law to tell your customers that they cannot cancel a lay-by contract at any time before the goods are delivered to them.
“Nevertheless, there was a strong predilection against awarding security for costs against a natural person at least in taxation proceedings at first instance that involved a bona fide claim.”
Each application for an official warning is reviewed on a case-by-case basis with factors such as the circumstances, time of offence, weather conditions, traffic density and type of road/land abutting taken into account.
National Australia Bank (NAB) has made changes to its debt collection practices following ASIC concerns that some of NAB’s collection letters may have been misleading, deceptive or unconscionable.